Austria

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CultureGrams is a really great way to find a variety of information on any country you are interested in. I chose to look up Austria because my husbands family is from there and I wanted to learn more about their culture. You can find some of their favorite recipes like thin pancakes, and wiener schnitzels. I was surprised to find out that after looking under the famous people tab that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Arnold Schwarzenegger were both from Austria. can also find out a lot of other interesting information and be able to compare the country you are interested in with other countries using their graphing system on CultureGrams.


I found out that out of the 8.2 million people that live there, 74% of the population in Austria are Roman Catholic. Folk music is very important in celebrating their culture, and Christmas Eve is the most important holiday to them because it gives them an opportunity to gather together and share meals, and go Christmas caroling.


Group Culture Study-
(some pic wouldn't copy and paste. Look at the original Puerto Rico CultureGram)




Puerto Rico





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Click on Flag to hear National Anthem




Government:
On July of 1952 Puerto Rico became a commonwealth of the United States with its own constitution similar to those of the States. Their government is very similar to that of the United States. Their chief of State is the President of the United States which is currently Barak Obama. They have a governor who is Luis Fortuňo who is elected by the people. Puerto Ricans elect a commissioner who sits in the United States House of Representatives. The commissioner is only allowed to introduce legislation and make statements only if it pertains to Puerto Rico. They have no say in other legislation that is discussed in the House. Because Puerto Rico is only a commonwealth of the United States, they do not pay federal taxes but benefit by receiving welfare from the national government. Puerto Ricans are subject to the United States draft and must be 18 and over to vote.

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Population:
Puerto Rico has a population of 3,978,702 people and grows roughly 0.3% annually. Puerto Rico is 76% Hispanic, 7% black, with the rest being a mix of Spanish, African, and Taíno heritage being. 1/3 of the population lives in or in surrounding areas of the capital city of San Juan. Many migrate to the United States when better work can be found on the main land. About 1 million Puerto Ricans live in New York City. Puerto Rico is an Island with the square milage being 5,324 miles.



Common Industries and Exports:
The number of people unemployed is considerably higher than in the United States. There is only 3 percent of the population who still engages in agriculture, and 20 percent works in the industrial sector. Government, services, and tourism provides most of Puerto Rico's population with job opportunities. Puerto Rico exports mainly sugar, coffee, petroleum products, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, textiles, and electronic equipment. Food must be imported from Puerto Rico, which makes them more expensive and causes a major drawback for industrialization.

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Traditional coconut candies, like those being sold here, are mainly made of coconut and sugar. These homemade candies are sold all over the place in Puerto Rico, and they can usually count on visitors stalking up on them before they leave.












Arts:
Puerto Rico arts reflect both African and Spanish influences. The tradition of their literature and music was set long before the United States took possession of Puerto Rico. Most Puerto Ricans can play at least one musical instrument, and is usually expected to be displayed at parties. Dancing is very popular in their culture in many different forms including salsa, bomba, plena, and danza puertorriquena. These dances are influenced by either West African traditions, or folk music that deals with life's hardships. In May and June they have a festival called the Pablo Casals which features special concerts that reflect their cultures music and dancing.
Other forms of art in Puerto Rico that are very popular are wooden carved jewelery or religious figurines that are called santos, which you can find in almost every home. Santos represent the local patron saint or other Christian personages.

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Example of a wooden santo.
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Handmade crafts are commonly sold at local festivities and cultural celebrations. In the picture, a local crafter displays her jewelry and carvings of Taino petroglyphs.
























Cuisine and Diet:
Puerto Ricans eat three meals a day consisting of Breakfast, Lunch, and the main family meal Dinner. If food is left on the plate at the end of the meal it is an indication that the guest did not like the food. On the streets people normally eat food near the place that they bought it at. It is uncommon for peo;ple to eat while walking in public. The most common eaten meal is beans and rice. A few popular dishes include arroz con pollo (rice and chicken), bacalao con viandas (boiled code made with cassava and potatoes), arroz con gandules y pernil (rice with peas and roasted pork). Foods made with plantains are also popular. A plantain is a starchy banana-like fruit that must be cooked to be eaten. Sea food is also common seeing that they live by an ocean. Pasta and fast food tend to be popular among younger generations. Chicken, Pork, and beef are favorite meats. Pineapples, mangoes, bananas, papaya, grapefruit, and oranges.

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Why should we examine art, literature, and from artists outside of the United States?
Because there is so much we can learn from the culture of other countries by looking at their art and literature. That is how their history is told being written down and illustrated. If we look back in our ancestry at some point the majority of our ancestors were immagrents at some point. By studying the art, literature, and the history of other countries we are learning about the orgins of where our ancestors came from.


What value does world literature, music, and art have for us?
I think that they have a lot of value for us in the world. Literature, music and art are all influenced and may reflect what was going on in the world when they were created. They contain the history and emotions that were being felt by the creator that may reflect what was going on in history. For example 1812 Overture was written in 1880 by Tchaikovsky to commemorate Russia’s defense of Moscow against Napoleon in 1812. Throught the overture the music and how it plays represents different parts of the battle.( Taken from Wikipedia see 1812 Overture see musical sturcture section to read more about how the overture follows the battle.)